National Animal of Nepal


Nepal is an ancient state and the culture of this country has forced great attention to the world of the animal world. For instance, a cow is considered sacred and is chosen as a national animal. Its image makes the emblem of the state more attractive.

Nepalese people worship the cow as the incarnation of goddess Lakshmi and for the Nepalese people, who are mainly engaged in agriculture, it is the representation of wealth, since the fertility of the land depends on it. Butter and ghee obtained from cow’s milk are exported to India.

There can be no talk about a beef dish of a cow because killing a cow is strictly prohibited by law in Nepal. The purest and most nutritious product is cow’s milk and dairy products are playing a significant role in the country.

National Animal Of Nepal

It is believed that the body of cows presents nearly around 330 million gods and goddesses and it represents abundance, fertility, symbolizes the mother and is the provider of milk and other foods. In Nepal, it is defined and protected by law and nobody dares to kill it because it is penalized for the mistreating. Therefore, it is regarded as the national animal of Nepal.


Legend tells that Surabhi, one of the names of the worshipped cow, was sent to Earth by Lord Krishna to feed the children and to establish a connection between both worlds. Similarly, the concept of ahimsa emerged between the fifth and sixth centuries of our era and the cows were no longer killed in about 200 AD. Therefore, scientists concluded that this happened under the influence of a widespread religious idea of the people residing in a particular area of the world.

Cow dung is used as fuel which is also used as a fertilizer, as a mosquito repellent, as an insulator, and as a construction material. Similarly, urine of it is also used as a chemical liquid that destroys bacteria and a cola drink has recently been launched on the market which is made with medicinal herbs and cow urine.

From When A Cow Was Worshipped As The National Animal Of Nepal?


Nepal has got a cow as the national animal from the year 1962 AD. For the first time in the Constitution of Nepal of 1962 AD, Nepal was declared as the Rajashi Hindu nation. The new constitution of 2015 has also established it as the national animal of Nepal because it was a sacred animal before this.

Late king Prithvi Narayan Shah of Gorkha kingdom united the small states and made the foundation of modern Nepal. The term Gorkha was derived from the Sanskrit word Gaurakshya which means the protection of cow.

Some Hindrances Before Declaring Cow As The National Animal Of Nepal Under A New Constitution

Nepal is a country where every religion and cast is equal. A cow is worshipped as an incarnation of goddess Lakshmi in the Hindu religion but Christian, Muslim, and other communities don’t regard it as their mother. In fact, they prefer the meat of it and voices have been raised to give permission to kill them since western countries have been taking the meat of it for a long time.


Nearly about fifty members of Dalit minorities of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal have requested that the cow be replaced by the one-horned rhinoceros as the national animal of the country. One horned rhinoceros could be a national animal, could be more suited to the secular image of the country and would be of help in preserving the existence of the species in the country.


Cows can be seen mostly in the village areas where people are using these animals for getting benefits with the milk and milk items. Some cows are seen in the streets of the urban areas due to the carelessness of the city dwellers and some are found in temples and other sacred areas. However, it is a sacred animal and is declared as the national animal of our country Nepal.