Overview Herbs/Jadi Buti (Flora And Fauna) Of Nepal
Generally, herbs are those plants that have a particular smell that is used for garnishing food, or for fragrances; excluding vegetables and other plants consumed for macronutrients. Cooking use typically distinguishes herbs from spices. The word herb is derived from the Latin word herba, which means grass, green stalks, or blades.
Botanists are using the word to mean any plant with soft, succulent tissues. Many people use the word to mean herbs to give some economic value or importance. Medicinal plants (Flora and Fauna) which are also called medicinal herbs are found and are used in ancient medicine practices. Plants synthesize hundreds of chemical compounds that are used as a defense against insects, fungi, diseases, and herbivorous mammals.
List Of Jadi Buti (Herbs) Found In Nepal
1. Aloe Vera (GyuKumari)
It is commonly used on sunburns and cuts. Aloe Vera offers numberless benefits because this plant is used for internal applications and the lower leaf consists of a host of curative functions.
2. Asparagus (Kurilo)
The root of Satavari (Kurilo)is used in the form of juice, and powder to treat essential hemorrhage, diarrhea, piles, hoarseness of voice, cough, arthritis, poisoning, diseases of the female genital tract, fever, and as rejuvenating.
3. Acorus Calamus (Bhojho)
Acorus calamus is an important herb because it is valued as a rejuvenator for the brain and nervous system, and is considered as a remedy for digestive disorders.
4. Chebulic Myrobalan (Harro)
The fruits of this plant are rich in tannin and are also used in the leather industry. A dye can be prepared from the fruits and the fruits also have numerous medicinal properties as well.
5. Cinnamon (Dalchini)
It is used for treating the illness including gastrointestinal problems, urinary infections, relieving symptoms of colds and flu. It has remarkable anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties.
6. Cordyceps (Yarsagumba)
Yarsagumba is considered an important herb that is used at strengthening lung and kidneys, increasing energy and vitality, stopping hemorrhage, and decreasing phlegm.
7. Dry Ginger (Sutho)
Dry ginger powder is used for the treatment of nausea and vomiting that are associated with seasickness, pregnancy, and motion. It is also beneficial for the treatment of gastrointestinal problems.
8. Gooseberry (Amla)
The fruit contains more than 80% of water and also contains protein, carbohydrates, fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Minerals and vitamins include calcium, phosphorus, iron, carotene, Vitamin C and B complex. It also contains gallic acid and is widely used as an herb in ayurvedic medicines.
9. Mugwort (Tite Pati)
An extract in the form of drinks or remedy prepared by soaking leaves of Tite Pati is used in the treatment of nervous and spasmodic affections, in asthma and in diseases of the brain. This infusion can be considered helpful in improving the appetite as well.
Neem oil is used as components for organic cosmetics including soaps, shampoos, hand and body lotions, and creams. Neem leaves are used to cure skin diseases like boils, ulcers, and ringworm. It is one of the herbs found only in Nepal and also the medicinal plants found in Nepal.
11. Cinnamon Leaves (Tejpat)
These are used in the cuisines of India, Nepal, and Bhutan and are also believed to cure many diseases.
Condition Of Herb Industry In Nepal
Biosysnepal has been established to control and use the rich treasures of herbs and has set up an atmosphere for processing and producing medicinal extracts and essential oils for drug, food and perfumery industries in Nepal. Biosysnepal is committed to derive organic production and to provide fair wages to economically disadvantaged farmers who want employment for their livelihood.
Biosysnepal encourages the development of a more sustainable system of production and trade that benefits people and their communities. The coordinated medicinal and end products with pleasant smell derived from the natural herbs available in Nepal have good potential excellence to bring the country on the international map of aromatherapy and herbal products visibility.
Nepal is rich in bio-diversity and different species of plants are found in our country because of which we are rich in medicinal plants. These medicinal plants or herbs (Flora and Fauna) can be used in making the medicines in the form of oils or drinks or in any other form. There are many herbs which are found only in Nepal and hence these have high demand in the market and are exported in other countries which increase the national economy.