You may be searching for the famous temples in Nepal which are rich in traditional heritage and culture. We will help you to know about the availability of the renowned Hindu and Buddhist temples in Nepal which have won your heart and have been able to be in your mind in this section.
Newari pagoda temples and Shikhara temples are the special features present in the temples found in Nepal. Similarly, there are Buddhist Gompas which are built with special art and crafts which reflect the ancient Nepali culture and tradition.
Oldest Temple In Nepal
Changu Narayan Temple
Changu Narayan is the oldest temple in Nepal which was built in the 4th century in 1702 during the Lichhavi Dynasty. It is a double-roofed temple decorated with the ten incarnations of Narayan and there are stone lions that guard all the four doors of the temple.
There is a statue of Vishnu seated on a Garuda and the sculpture belongs to the product of very ancient ages which is one of the major attractions of this region. The temple’s true gem and the statue of Narsingha are worth watching in the Changu Narayan region.
You can take a bus from Kathmandu to Bhaktapur and from Bhaktapur, you can go to the Changu Narayan temple through the bus route. You can also take a taxi directly from Kathmandu which costs around Rs. 800 and it will cost around Rs.250 to go to Changu Narayan from Bhaktapur.
Everyone has to pay Rs. 60 to enter the premises of Changu Narayan. You can have photos and take photos of ancient sculptures and statues in this area.
Buddhist Temples In Nepal
Buddhism has flourished in our country due to the contributions made by Lord Buddha. Later different lichhavi kings contribute for expanding the usefulness of Buddhism in the country.
Tourism is one of the major factors for promoting Buddhism in the world. Every year, more than 10,000 tourists visit Boudhanath and Swayambhunath temple because of this the number of Buddhist pilgrims has increased and the percentage of Buddhists Nepali has also increased.
The List Of Buddhist Temples In Nepal Are As Follows:
1. Bouddhanath Monastery
Bouddhanath stupa is included in the World Heritage site by the UNESCO. It is located in the east of Kathmandu and is one of the popular pilgrimage sites in the world. After 1959, thousands of Tibetans came for energizing the stupas.
2. Swoyambhunath Stupa
Swayambhunath stupa is one of the oldest Buddhist stupas in Nepal. It is said that it was evolved when the valley was created out of a large lake before 2,000 years ago.
It is said that Swayambhunath was born out of a lotus flower which was bloomed in the middle of a lake. There is the biggest crowd of pilgrims during the birthday of Lord Buddha which usually falls in May every year.
Some Of The Important Monuments In This Area Are:
- There is a huge gold plated Vajra on the east side of the stupa.
- Buddha statue on the west side of Swayambhu.
- There is a sleeping Buddha statue.
- Dewa Dharma Monastery is known for the bronze icon of Buddha.
- There is a temple dedicated to Harati which is the goddess of all children.
3. Kopan Monastery
Kopan monastery is located on the top of Kopan hill behind the Bouddhanath Stupa. There are about 300 Tibetan Buddhist monks in this stupa from where the magnificent view of boudha below and a panoramic view of high range mountains in the north are observed.
Visitors from all around the world come and enjoy the courses and spiritual atmosphere for study and practice. Kopan Monastery is affiliated to the Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition which has been providing the Mahayana Buddhist tradition and values through the meditation and community services.
4. Namobuddha Monastery
Namobuddha Monastery is one of the popular Buddhist pilgrim sites in the valley and lies 38km east of Kathmandu. From there one can see the panoramic view of the high range mountains and there is a number of lodges and guest houses for the tourists.
Every year a large number of Buddhist pilgrims visit Namobuddha monastery to pacify their wish and to fulfill their dreams of being the follower of Buddhism. Not only the Buddhist pilgrims but also many Hindus visit the Namobuddha Monastery for more information about Buddhist and Buddhism.
Hindu Temples in Nepal
Nepal is a Hindu country where most of the people worship Hindu gods and goddesses and believe the Hindu religion as their main religion that they have faith upon. There are numbers of Hindu temples with their own historical background.
The Lists Of Hindu Temples in Nepal Are As Follows:
Pashupatinath temple was built in the 5th century when the Shiva lingam was discovered. The Malla kings renovated the temple later in their period of reign in Nepal. The Pashupatinath has been established as the most important religious site for the millions of Shiva devotees.
This pagoda style temple stretches on both sides of the Bagmati River and there are hundreds of Shiva lingams within the compound of the temple. There is Shiva lingam inside the main temple and the statue of Nandi facing the temple. The cremations of Hindus take place along the bank of the river.
2. Buddhanilkantha ( Jal Narayan)
The mysterious lying statue of Hindu Lord Vishnu is located at the base of the Shivapuri Hill and is 10km away from the center Kathmandu. It is the largest and the handsome stone carving of Lord Vishnu of Nepal.
The black basalt stone is carved representing Lord Vishnu which is 5 meters in length and it lies back inside the tank of water which is 13 meters in length. The statue of Vishnu has legs crossed and the eleven heads of nagas are on the top of the head. If you are going for traveling to Buddhanilkantha then you must visit the temple for getting the blessings from the Narayan.
3. Guheswori Shaktipith
Gujeswori Shaktipith lies in the east of Pashupatinath which is around 1 km away and many Hindus pilgrims visit the place for worshipping the gods and goddesses. It is recognized as the Shaktipith, a symbol of power.
It is believed that the body of Sati Devi fell after her death at the place where the temple is located. And the temple was constructed under the command of the then king Pratap Malla in the 17th century.
4. Doleshwar Mahadev Temple
Doleshwar Mahadev temple is located in Bhaktapur district which is 20 km far from the center of Kathmandu. It takes approximately 45 minutes to drive from the center of Kathmandu. It is popular for all the Shiva devotees of Nepal and every day many people visit the temple for fulfilling their wishes.
Visiting this temple of Lord Shiva is believed to wash off all your sins and also gives you blessings for the success in your life. This temple of Lord Shiva has also enhanced the cultural beauty of Bhaktapur.
5. Dakshinkali Temple
The Dakshinkali temple is located 22 km away from the Kathmandu and is one of the major temples dedicated to the Goddesses Kali. Sacrificing animals like male goats is a way of worshipping the goddesses Kali.
It is said that the temple was established during the reign of Manadev of the Lichchhavi dynasty. The area surrounding the temple is covered by trees, rivers, small food stalls, and hotels. On the way to Dakshinkali temple, we can see the chobar hill and Taudaha Lake.
6. Manakamana Temple
The manakamana temple is located on the top of the hill about 65 miles west of Kathmandu. It is the most popular sacred place of goddesses Bhagwati. It is believed that goddess Bhagwati fulfills the wishes of all worshippers.
In 1998 the cable car facility came into existence which makes the journey to manakamana easy and comfortable because of which a large crowd of people can be seen for cable car queue. On the way to the temple, you can see the panoramic view of the Trishuli River and the forest covered hills.
7. Muktinath Temple
Muktinath temple is located at an altitude of 3,710 meters in the Mustang district. This place of salvation is popular for both Hindus and Buddhists and is one of the oldest temples of God Vishnu.
There is the semi-circular wall with 108 stone faucets which are at a height of 7 feet and many visitors take bath under all these faucets. Most people who go for trekking to Muktinath usually visit this temple for getting blessings.
8. Janaki Temple
Ram Janaki temple is one of the oldest Hindu temples which is 123 km to the south-east of Kathmandu. It is a three-storied structure made up of stone and marble. There are altogether 60 rooms which are decorated with colorful glass, paintings, and beautiful windows.
It carries the ancient history of Ram and Janaki and hence it has been able to attract a large number of Hindu pilgrims from Nepal and India. You can’t not to avoid the cultural beauty of the Janaki Temple of Janakpur.
These are the best and the famous temples of Nepal which have been grabbing the attention of many people from inside and outside the country. These cultural landmarks need to be conserved and proper plans and policies should be implemented in order to increase the tourist crowd in these historically significant places.
Prepared by: Source Nepal